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Pass Plus Scheme
Pre-Seventeen

About Pass Plus

Pass Plus is an established training course aimed at new drivers. It was designed by the Driving Standards Agency (DSA) with the help of insurers and the driving instruction industry.

Statistics show that new drivers are more likely to have an accident in the first two years after passing their test, due to lack of driving experience.

Pass Plus builds on your skills and knowledge. It will teach you how to anticipate, plan for and deal with all kinds of hazards, to help you become a more confident driver.

Who can do Pass Plus training

You can take a Pass Plus course at any time, but it’s mainly aimed at new drivers in the first year after passing their test.

Pass Plus modules

Pass Plus consists of six modules about driving in different conditions:

  • in town
  • in all weathers 
  • on rural roads
  • at night
  • on dual carriageways
  • on motorways

Driving around a town

The first module has two parts. It begins with an introduction to Pass Plus, explaining the course aims and the skills and knowledge to be covered.

The second part is a practical session covering the different features of driving in a town, such as complex junctions and public transport.

You'll focus on:

  • observation, judgement and awareness
  • eye contact
  • consideration for vulnerable road users
  • showing caution
  • keeping space around your car

All weather driving

This module will be covered as much as possible in a practical session. You’ll focus on correct speed, safe stopping distances, plus seeing and being seen in:

  • rain
  • sleet, snow and ice
  • mist and fog
  • bright sunshine

You’ll also look at skidding, and:

  • what causes skids
  • how to prevent skids
  • correcting slow-speed skids
  • braking on poor surfaces
  • aquaplaning

Driving in the countryside

This module looks at the main differences between town and country driving:

  • observing the road ahead
  • making progress safely
  • bends, hills, uneven roads and dead ground
  • keeping a safe distance from the vehicle ahead
  • safe overtaking

It focuses especially on being aware and showing consideration for:

  • pedestrians, horse riders and animals in the road
  • farm entrances
  • slow moving vehicles

It also covers the correct use of a horn, coping with mud and debris on the road and how to use passing places.

Driving at night

This covers the important parts of driving at night, dawn and dusk. You'll learn about:

  • the importance of using headlights correctly
  • adjusting to the dark
  • judging speed and distance
  • the correct use of lights and keeping them clean
  • dealing with dazzle
  • hard-to-see road users
  • parking issues

Driving on dual carriageways

Dual carriageways are high speed roads where the two carriageways are separated by a central reservation. You’ll need to have particular skills, including:

  • effective observation, using your mirrors and checking blind spots
  • judgement and planning ahead
  • separation distances
  • joining and leaving a dual carriageway
  • overtaking and lane discipline
  • the correct use of speed

Driving on motorways

This should be a practical session if possible. If there is no motorway nearby, it will be covered in a theory session.You should drive on a motorway as soon as you can afterwards so you can put the theory into practice.

The topics covered include:

  • journey planning
  • joining and leaving a motorway, and using slip roads
  • safe speeds in different circumstances
  • effective observation
  • signs, signals and markings
  • overtaking and lane discipline
  • courtesy to other road users
  • motorway fatigue
  • breakdown procedures
  • use of lights, including hazard warning lights
  • debris on the carriageway
  • crosswinds